A wheelchair ramp is designed to offer people with mobility issues a more accessible and safer way to access particular places. In most cases, these places are elevated and can only be reached by crossing steps or a set of stairs. However, the ADA ramp slope requires that all businesses and public-use wheelchair ramps adhere to a 1:12 slope ratio. This means that there must be twelve horizontal inches of ramp for every vertical rise. Recently, people have started installing them at their home places and business areas due to their many benefits. Get ready as you prepare with the following aspects to ensure that you can properly build and install the best wheelchair ramp.
Identifying the Main Users
It is essential to ensure that before installing a ramp, you think about the people using it. This means it will also include the type of mobility aid they use, like a cane, a wheelchair, or an electric scooter. Remember that many people can afford different equipment, and the type of this equipment can affect particular design features of the ramp. For example, if a specific person uses a scooter, the access ramp must support heavy loads. However, it is also helpful to plan for the future by considering all changes in the condition of the ramp’s primary users.
Location of the Ramp
Placement of the ramp is essential, and it must be considered because, in most cases, outdoor ramps are connected to the main entrance of a specific building. Ensure that you measure the space around the main entrance to see if you can install a straight ramp. Remember that, at times, space limitations and obstacles like trees will need you to follow a particular design to complete your ramp. Besides the outdoor ramp’s shape, you also need to think of the location of its entry point. Note that it must be placed where people can easily and quickly access it once they reach your building.
The Building Materials
When you are done with the primary function of the ramp and its location, then you can start thinking about the ramp materials. As stated earlier, if the ramp will be mainly used by wheelchair and scooter users, it must be made of sturdy materials with relevant high load volume. For instance, if you plan to install an outdoor ramp, you should ensure that it can withstand being exposed to unexpected harsh weather conditions. Remember that most accessibility ramps feature metal or timber frames with floor panels made of aluminum or wood.
All ramps must have level landings at the top and bottom, as well as at any switchbacks or changes in direction. All landings should be at least sixty inches long and as wide as the ramp. This means allowing all wheelchair users to rest or change directions when using the ramp safely.
Remember that ramps need to be carefully designed, and by carefully considering these aspects when constructing an ADA ramp slope, ensure you can create the best. Utilize everything well and create an accessible and safe environment for people with disabilities as you promote inclusivity and compliance with legal standards.